In my opinion, a general paradigm shift is far overdue! The M& M experiment has only established the non-existence of an aether wind moving relative to the earth but has not and cannot disprove the existence of an aether. Einstein worked his theories around current observations and experimental results and performed some algebraic manipulation to produce a model with mathematical equations that fit well and work within the universe, as we understand it now. But Einstein’s theories, along with the math that back it up, are generally very difficult to follow and most people struggle to keep up! There is an enormous peer pressure that almost forces most students to follow the orthodox textbook physics that is taught today. Most people are happy to achieve their PHD and it would be unquestionable for them to challenge any alternative theories. Those that do are ridiculed and often face a barrage of insults, put-downs, humiliation and resounding verbal thrashings! All knowledge has been build upon the shoulders of those people who have met the challenge and had the nerve to question the science of their era. They are the ones that have brought us to this point in time and are responsible for what we have achieved to date. We MUST continue to question the correctness of current theories regardless of whether observations and experimental results appear to fit the theory! Our understanding of the universe has not matured to a point that we understand the mechanics of the propagation of light let alone unifying gravity with that of quantum mechanics! We don’t even understand how or why gravity works and that I think says it all !!! And, therefore, nobody is in a position to reject an aether theory at present. Evidence can easily be manipulated to bring about a different theory / outcome and if you are prepared to backtrack and re-think the current stance, there ARE alternative possibilities that would fit an aether model. It appears that Einstein’s theory of relativity is very similar to that of religious beliefs in that people are prepared to accept it’s validity based on having read and accepted what is preached to them. Without stepping into religious grounds, I would like to suggest that the vast population of Earth-dwellers are prepared to accept the existence of a God without having been presented with one single shred of evidence. So with a little more evidence to support relativity, it’s hardly surprising to see a huge amount of followers in this arena! Most are perfectly willing to accept the current theories without delving too deeply, and most would have a hard time in attempting to convince a believer into becoming a non-believer! Einstein has us believe that the speed of light is invariant and that time is the variable within the equations. But just because we measure the speed of light as a constant doesn’t mean to say that it IS a constant - it just looks that way. And the assumption that objects change in length in reality as they increase in speed relative to an observer is nothing short of an illusion and a fudge factor within the equations. Yes, I agree that they APPEAR to look shorter due to the finite speed of light, but NO, they don’t actually reduce in length in reality! It is perfectly feasible for time to be the invariant and so let me explain and it should get you thinking… How can time possibly be invariant? That is impossible, time doesn’t even exist! Time is nothing more than a relationship between separate events, which happen in a physical world, and is only ever measurable using something physical to measure with and can only be measured if there is something physical to measure! Time is a non-physical entity and is nothing more than a tool for us humans to use. Yes, we can perceive the passing of time and we have clocks that show us the time but in reality it is the mechanical functions of the clocks that we observe and NOT the time. I’m afraid guys, it’s all in your heads! Time does not slow down or speed up. Period! However, it is perfectly acceptable to assume that the physical interactions of sub-atomic particles, atoms themselves, molecules and possibly even life could be affected by variations within a gravitational field. Ponder the following: Imagine for one moment that Einstein was wrong, his equations are right but his hypothesis was wrong. Now imagine an aether permeating throughout space and filling every corner. The aether is created by the presence of matter and it has the geometric properties that make it denser within the approximity of a large body and it’s relative density becomes gradually weaker as you move away from the body. The greater the mass the more dense the ather and the further the density permeates out into space. Now imagine this aether (for simplicity) is made of hail stones and you are travelling round the universe in a car with it’s wind screen wipers turned on. The closer you are to a body of mass, the more your wipers struggle to keep up and, therefore, slow down. You can get a similar effect by travelling very fast in open space, where your wipers will also struggle. This analogy could be applied to the atomic clock scenario whereby experimentation has apparently proven the slowing of time when, in actual fact, it could be just a purely physical phenomena where the atomic clock slows down based on physical reasons and not the bizarre assumption that time slows down! One can also, without too much imagination, see how gravity could operate within this model. If the aether exerts some pressure on any given mass, then a mass within the proximity would be drawn closer to it in an attempt to form one dent in the aether rather than two. Furthermore, the aether would be dragged around by the earth, which would provide the M & M experiment with a null result! Spooky! Light travels at a speed relative to the aether. I accept that light is always measured as c relative to an observer regardless of how fast the source or the observer is travelling, but this doesn’t make sense and there are alternative ways of describing what is ACTUALLY happening here. There are many paradoxes within Einstein’s model and I will describe just one: Take a planet A and a planet B (billions of miles apart). Planet A launches a rocket toward B at nearly the speed of light. Planet B does the same. You are standing right in the middle and observe the two rockets each travelling close to the speed of light. According to Einstein, both rockets could not possible see the other coming (which is fair enough) but the math would have us believe that one rocket relative to the other rocket is travelling no faster than the speed of light, but we KNOW that’s not true don’t we! The person in the middle KNOWS that is not true. In reality, the rockets are approaching each other at twice the speed of light and surely no amount of algebraic manipulation should convince you otherwise. Could it be possible for an aether to have dynamic geometrical properties that allow it to be distorted and dragged through space by the presence of moving masses that in turn forms pressure waves in the aether similar to that of sound waves? If so, and presuming that light could propagate using this aether, the wavelengths and frequencies of the light measured could be altered to give an observer false impressions. It has been tested experimentally that light’s wavelength decreases as it moves upward and away from the earth. This could be due to the fact that the aether particles are also decreasing in density. At the event horizon of a black hole the is a severe blue-shift of light, which could be due to the severe density of an aether. But an observer at any point would observe the same speed of light because as the wavelength goes up, the frequency goes down and visa versa. Pressure waves around moving bodies would have a similar effect. Either way, we can’t rule out endless possibilities and turn down open opportunities that lie ahead. All it takes is yet more algebraic magic to convince the masses! It seems to me that we must keep an open mind with regard to any possibilities of an aether existing. My model may not be true and may need tweaking. I’m sure nobody will believe it and nobody would take the time to investigate it anyway! It will take a stroke of genius to overrule the science community at this point in time but I am a firm believer that it IS just a matter of time before someone discovers and proves the existence of the aether! Furthermore, Einstein’s ridiculous assumption that time is variable will surely be put to an end!