Setting up: I insist, always, that there are no such exceptions. All of my arguments assume that, all of my posts assume that. Ok. A bit shaky on the physical laws and so forth, but essentially and generally reasonable in this driver/light situation. Ok - we can set the dubious take on physical law aside for the moment, since we are here dealing with a limited situation in which such cavils don't matter. In our limited situation (driver/light) all outcomes are predecided. WTF? Where did that come from? The only choices excluded are supernatural ones, and they were excluded from the beginning. The driver's choices are both observed and necessarily existent - the color of the light has yet to exist, and there are two possibilities the driver has prepared for. That is false. There are choices, prior to the event, and there have to be - since they determine the actions involved. You claim all actions are determined, and then deny the existence of the mechanisms by which we observe them being determined. That makes no sense. The driver approaches a traffic light. Note the driver's capabilities - in particular, that they can stop, they can go, and they can choose which based on the future color of the light. We observe this - these are physical features, these capabilities, and we can observe them as we observe the driver's height and shoe size. They will change in the future, of course - but we are observing them now.