The problem is similar to the Dunning-Kruger effect: The less competent a person is at something, the smarter they think they are. “Not only do these people reach erroneous conclusions and make unfortunate choices,” David Dunning and Justin Kruger wrote in their 1999 paper describing the phenomenon, “but their incompetence robs them of the metacognitive ability to realize it.” https://nationalpost.com/news/canad...-the-least-but-think-they-know-the-most-study Could many woo purveyors be suffering from the Dunning-Kruger effect? It seems that the less people know (about any given subject, in this case_science) the more they think they know. It's curious how people develop an inflated view of what they know, when they know very little, in reality. The article is interesting, because it discusses how many people may believe they know more than they do, simply because they don't grasp the depth and complexity of a particular subject matter.